He named it Tantalum, referring to the name of Tantalus, the son of Zeus God in Greek mythology. It was discovered in 1802 by Swedish chemist Anders Ekeberg (1767–1813). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. Note: This article, originally published in 1998, was updated in 2006 for the eBook edition. Encyclopedia.com. . Note: This article, originally published in 1998, was updated in 2006 for the eBook edition. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/tantalum. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/tantalum-0. He discovered a new element and named it Columbium (later renamed Niobium) to in honor of the place where the mineral was first discovered – Colombia. Stanford Advanced Materials (SAM) Corporation is a global supplier of various sputtering targets such as metals, alloys, oxides, ceramic materials. After graduation from the University of Uppsala (1788) and travels in Germany, Ekeberg returned to Uppsala and began teaching (1794), introducing the chemistry of Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier. Encyclopedia.com. It lies 40 miles (64 km) north-northwest of Stockholm. Instead, it is typically found in the ore columbite-tantalite (usually referred to as coltan). . Word origin: Tantalum is named after a Greek mythological character, Tantalos. Overview For previous posts of metal history, you can search the keyword “history”. He named the two elements “Niobium” and “Pelopium” in the name of the Greek mythology of Tantalus’s daughter Niobe (the goddess of tears) and the son of Pelops. Unfortunately for Ekeberg, in 1809 the well-known English chemist Willian Wollaston said there had been no discovery and there was no new element. . Dodd-Frank shortcomings and scepticism 16 Oct. 2020 . Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. T. F. HOAD "tantalum Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Encyclopedia.com. Corrections? ic / tanˈtalik/ adj. . First discovered by the Swedish chemist Anders Ekeberg in 1802, this versatile metal has become essential to numerous industries over the years. Encyclopedia.com. If you are a metal lover or history lover, you can follow our website. Tantalum is a rare, hard, blue-gray, lustrous transition metal that is highly corrosion-resistant. In the same year, Demarinia heated tantalum chloride in a hydrogen atmosphere, and got tantalum metal for the first time through a reduction reaction. World Encyclopedia. ." (October 16, 2020). tantalum (symbol Ta) Rare, lustrous, blue-grey metallic element. ." ." Initially, it was considered very similar to niobium but in 1864, Christian Wilhelm Blomstrand highlighted the differences between the two and categorized them as two distinct elements. A Dictionary of Nursing. "tantalum Overview ." https://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/tantalum, "tantalum Perhaps his greatest contribution to chemistry was the discovery of the talent of his student Jöns Jacob Berzelius. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. Encyclopedia.com. Previously known as tantalium, it is named after Tantalus, a villain from Greek mythology. In the middle of the 17th century, a very heavy black mineral (density of SAM®Tantalum is 16.68 g/cm3) found in North America was sent to the British Museum for safekeeping. The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Rhenium was discovered by a G…, Osmium (revised) https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tantalum, "tantalum ." ." Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/tantalum-1. What are the advantages of carbon fiber composite materials used in aeroplanes? By 1844, the German chemist Heinrich Rose refuted the conclusion that Niobium and Tantalum were the same elements, and proved that they are two different elements through chemical experiment. Optical Coating: Anti-wear films (hard coating film). "tantalum Please visit https://www.sputtertargets.net/ for more information. It is part of the refractory metals group, which are widely used as minor components in alloys. Chemical Elements: From Carbon to Krypton. (October 16, 2020). Tantalum was discovered by Anders Ekeberg in 1802 [1]. Its chief ore is columbite-tantalite. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Raw tantalum rarely occurs in nature. It is easily fabricated and a good conductor of heat and electricity. World Encyclopedia. It was discovered by Anders Gustaf Ekenberg in 1802. "tantalum Anders Gustav Ekeberg, (born Jan. 16, 1767, Stockholm—died Feb. 11, 1813, Uppsala, Swed. Overview Note: This article, originally published in 1998, was updated in 2006 for the eBook edition. In 1809, the British chemist William Hyde Wollaston compared the Niobium oxide and Tantalum oxide. . Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. It was thought tantalum … © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. "tantalum In 1864, Christian Wilhelm Blomstrand, Henry Edin St. Clair Deville and Louis Joseph Troost clearly proved the Tantalum and Niobium are two different chemical elements ,and determined the chemical formula of some related compounds. Tungsten is a transition met…, Praseodymium (revised) The city is built upon numerous islands as well as the mainland of Uppland and Södermanland. Preparation of Molybdenum Sputtering Targets by Powder Metallurgy, Advantages of Sputtering Deposition and Vacuum Evaporation, Advantages of Investing in Platinum and Palladium Precious Metals, Silicon Wafer: 4 Types of Wet Cleaning Method. Your email address will not be published. Tantalum has a shaky history and origin since it was discovered by multiple people who taught that it was just a plain old mineral. Early tantalum metals contain many impurities, and it was not until 1903 that Werner von Bolton first made pure tantalum metal. . World Encyclopedia. In 1802, when the Swedish chemist Anders Gustaf Ekberg analyzed their minerals (the niobium-tantalum ore) in Scandinavia, he discovered a new element. . Rhodium is considered to be a…, Rhenium (revised) Overview Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tantalum. View all posts by SAM Sputter Targets, Your email address will not be published. Tantalum is a chemical element with the symbol Ta and atomic number 73. Though he was partly deaf The team discovered that tantalum-187's gamma-ray 'fingerprint' was characteristic of a prolate (American football) shape but simultaneously with a hint of an oblate (pancake) shape. Although they gave different density values, he still believed that the two were identical substances. Note: This article, originally published in 1998, was updated in 2006 for the eBook edition. . Common Uses ." Stanford Advanced Materials (SAM) Corporation is a global supplier of various sputtering targets such as metals, alloys, oxides, ceramic materials. This is a history column of SAM Sputter Target, aiming at introducing the history of different metals. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). After about 150 years, in 1801, British chemist Charles Hatchett accepted the ore analysis task from the British Museum. Hard but malleable, tantalum is used as a wire and in electrical components, mobile phone capacitors, chemical equipment and medical instruments. ), Swedish chemist who in 1802 discovered the element tantalum. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/tantalum-0, "tantalum Omissions? Stockholm is located at the junction of Lake Mälar (Mälaren) and Salt Bay (Saltsjön), an arm of the Baltic Sea, opposite the Gulf of Finland. Encyclopedia.com. OSMIUM (REVISED) 16 Oct. 2020 . . Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …(1802) by the Swedish chemist Anders Gustaf Ekeberg and named after the mythological character Tantalus because of the tantalizing problem of dissolving the oxide in acids. In 1802, when the Swedish chemist Anders Gustaf Ekberg analyzed their minerals (the niobium-tantalum ore) in Scandinavia, he discovered a new element. Tantalum was discovered by Anders G. Ekeberg in 1802, in Uppsala, Sweden, in the minerals tantalite from Finland and yttrotantalite from Sweden. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/tantalum-1, T. F. HOAD "tantalum Required fields are marked *. Discovery: Tantalum was discovered by Anders Ekeberg in 1802. Osmium is an…, Tansley, Arthur G. (1871 – 1951) British Botanist, https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/tantalum-revised, https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/tantalum, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/tantalum-0, https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tantalum, https://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/tantalum, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/tantalum-1. The researchers interviewed 220 people in 14 mines and towns, and discovered that armed groups and the Congolese Army are no longer present at two-thirds (67%) of the tin, tantalum and tungsten mines they researched.

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