googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, But there is also a stereotype hidden in the word “Viking”. Write an article and join a growing community of more than 116,400 academics and researchers from 3,777 institutions. My favorite these days (and the most recent etymology I am familiar with) is Eldar Heide’s resurrection of Bertil Daggfeldt’s suggstion that the Viking terms come from víkja by way of the shifting of rowers on a sea-going voyage. Did the Jonas Brothers Co-Write Get Back by Demi Lovato? { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, Sorry for such a quick post today, but things […], […] Norse-myth/culture/lit/history posts, check out: my review of Orchard’s Edda translation, my post on the term “Viking” and what it meant back in the days of the sagas, my list of ways to learn to “talk like a […], […] remember that according to one current theory, the term Viking itself comes from the rowing shifts on a voyage […]. Look out, he is after your land and your women. What was nasdaq index close on December 31 2007? { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, The term víking would then be related to the term vika sjóvar (shift at sea, rowing shift) and would mean “going shifting” (= going to sea). }], ga('set', 'dimension2', "entry"); This Friday, 13 November is World Kindness Day, an awareness day launched in 1998 with the aim of encouraging benevolent acts by individuals, organizations, and countries. },{ The debate between those who would see the Vikings primarily as predatory warriors and those who draw attention to their more constructive activities in exploration, trade and settlement, then, largely boils down to how we understand and use the word Viking. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = viking"); Members published poetry which made use of Old Norse literature and Scandinavian Folklore (both seen as repositories of “authentic” Scandinavian ethnic and cultural identity), and when they got together they wore horned helmets (the Vikings did not have horns on their helmets, by the way– more on that later) and drank mead (an alcoholic honey beverage drunk by the Vikings– as well as everyone else from ancient Egypt to the North) out of horns. googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); The majority of the attestations are for víkingr: over a hundred of them. We talk about “Viking Lore” (like the subtitle of Orchard’s new Edda translation), meaning the mythology and legendry of the Nordic peoples of that period. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Víkingr did not imply any particular ethnicity and it was a fairly neutral term, which could be used of one’s own group or another group. Not too different from Hollywood, really, appropriating Warrior types (whether Jedi or Cowboys) to give the white male bourgeoisie an illusion of a heroic journey. It is also derived from the word Vikingr which means explorer. As a result, the English word has usefully expanded and developed to give a name to this phenomenon and its Age, and that is how we should use it, without regard either to its etymology, or to its narrower meanings in the distant past. ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); Dress like a Viking for Halloween! var pbMobileLrSlots = [ { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, These are my own versions of the illustrations found on page 36 of Else Roesdahl’s The […], […] with the full range of variation across the North and throughout the period), and remember that “Viking” literally means “Pirate,” even if nowadays people tend to treat it as a blanket term for everyone who lived in Scandinavia […], […] of the picture to sell as a tshirt or print on my new Redbubble store.

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