[3], The district is a part of the Red Corridor.[6]. [13], "District Statistical Handbook 2013 Darjeeling", "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables", "The Dhokra Artisans of Bankura and Dariapur, West Bengal: A Case Study and Knowledge Archive of Technological Change in Progress", "Dhokra Art and Artists of Bikna: Problems and Prospects", Dokra Art - dignity of Bankura – commentary in Bengali, Bikna - the village of ancient Dhokra craft, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bikna&oldid=953830207, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 April 2020, at 07:51. The break up for Kolkata is not available. People there like the rustic and primitive appearance with the original tribal flavour. [1], After the Treaty of Allahabad, the East India Company was granted Diwani rights (the right to collect taxes), in 1765, in the eastern province of Bengal-Bihar-Odisha. [10][11], There is a small community living in Bikna who are involved in making dhokra handicrafts. [16], According to the census of 2001, mentioned in the District Census Handbook 2011 Kolkata, Bengali was the mother tongue (language spoken in childhood by the person's mother to the person) of 2,836,647 persons forming 62.0% of the population in Kolkata district, Hindi was mother tongue of 926,186 persons forming 20.3% of the population and Urdu was mother tongue of 623,620 persons forming 13.6% of the population. Kalikata was a lesser known place. Compass Declination 0º22'W. The clash of modernity and traditions had its own problems. It occupies the east bank of the Hooghly in the lower Ganges Delta. Puruliya Sadar consists of Purulia municipality and five community development blocks: Purulia–I, Purulia–II, Hura, Puncha and Balarampur. Purulia lies between 22.60 degrees and 23.50 degrees north latitudes and 85.75 degrees and 86.65 degrees east longitudes. Jhalda subdivision consists of Jhalda municipality and four community development blocks: Jhalda–I, Jhalda–II, Jaipur, Bagmundi. Thirty-six related families live in this close-knit clan community. [32], Trade and Commerce: While there were only a handful of Marwaris in Kolkata's trade and commerce towards the end of the 18th century, they came in larger numbers with the turn of the century and particularly after opening of the railways (1860) and dominated Kolkata's economy. The school has 20 computers, a library with 3,000 books and a playground. According to the 2001 census, 83.42% of the population are Hindus, while 7.12% are Muslims. [22], Power supply: In 1895, the Government of Bengal passed the Calcutta Electric Lighting Act and in 1897 Kilburn & Co., as agents of The Indian Electric Company Limited, secured the license for electric lighting in Kolkata. The district has a population of 2,538,233 (as per the 2001 census) out of which 19.35% is Scheduled Caste and 19.22% is Scheduled Tribes. It has facilities for teaching from class V to class XII. [21] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.43%. The distinctiveness of those is well demonstrated with the sentiments and feelings of the population and these are marked with splash of colours and often entwined with pathos, romanticism, velour and social consciousness. [7], State Highway 9, running from Durgapur (in Paschim Bardhaman district) to Nayagram (in Jhargram district), passes through Bikna. Area overview. They are the people who have made the city so large. There are 21 police stations, 20 development blocks, 3 municipalities, 170 gram panchayats,[14] and 2459 inhabited villages in this district.[15]. [21] The type of workers that come under the category of “other workers” include all government servants, municipal employees, teachers, factory workers, plantation workers, those engaged in trade, commerce, business, transport, banking, mining, construction, political or social work, priests, entertainment artists, and so on. Kolkata district is the only district in the state with a negative growth rate (−1.7%) for the 2001–2011 decade. [16] Kolkata has a sex ratio of 899 females for every 1000 males,[16] and a literacy rate of 87.14%. [8], Bikna railway station is on the Bankura–Masagram line under the Adra railway division. The Lake Channel was cut through the Salt Lake later on. It commissioned the first thermal power plant in India, at Emambagh Lane, near Prinsep Ghat, in 1899. The road transport is adequate in terms of bus availability and goods flow. [12], In terms of area, it is the smallest amongst all the districts of West Bengal but has the highest density of population. [12], Kolkata district is bounded by the North 24 Parganas district on the north and on the east, South 24 Parganas district on the south and Howrah district, across the Hooghly, on the west. [14], The Kolkata district collector is responsible for several citizen centric services which are neither being provided by the KMC nor Kolkata Police. Chakraborty, Satyesh C., "The Growth of Calcutta in the Twentieth Century", in “Calcutta, The Living City” Vol II, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Pages 4–6, First published 1990, 2005 edition. [19], In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 3,440,290 and formed 76.5% of the population in Kolkata district. Although several rivers flows across the district, 50% of the water run off due to the undulated topography. National Highway 60A (now NH 314) connects Purulia with State Highway 9 at Bankura and subsequently to NH2 at Durgapur. The geographical area of the district is 6,259 km2 (2,417 sq mi). In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Purulia one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). The map alongside shows some urbanization around Purulia city. Population below 6 years was 450. Another line runs between Bankura and Dhanbad also via the Adra Division. The promise of a better quality of life may have been an initial attraction for the migrants, but bulk of the poorer sections soon realized that poverty in Kolkata was as severe and dehumanising as in the villages they left behind. The 27 km long Tolly's Nullah was completed in 1777. [31], The East India Company secured the license for trading in Bengal from the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. [5], The socio-economic conditions that led to the growth of Kolkata, were urbanising a much larger territory. The road transport is another important transportation medium of Purulia. The first telegraph line was installed as early as 1839. In the fifties 25% of the population of Metropolitan Kolkata were refugees. Note: The map alongside presents some of the notable locations in the subdivision. [6][7][8][9], This brings us on to another aspect of the city. Ghosh, Ambikaprasad Ghosh, assisted by Chatterjee, Kaushik. Kolkata district is a district in the Indian State of West Bengal, headquartered in Kolkata. [21], 94.61% of the total workers in urban Kolkata earn their livelihood as other workers, followed by 3.81% as household workers. [30], Eco system: Kolkata is a highly polluted district. [19], The proportion of persons having Bengali as a mother tongue in Kolkata district decreased from 63.8% in 1961 to 59.9% in 1971 to 58.5% in 1981 and then increased to 63.6% in 1991, but again dropped to 62.0% in 2001. [8][24] From archaeological evidences to local festivals, every cultural event has got a tribal touch in it, which is the specialty of Purulia. Since the formation of the district it was withdrawn from regular administration and placed under an officer called Principal Assistant to the agent to the Governor-General for South-Western Frontier. The rest, including a small group of foreigners, were migrants. [23] This gives it a ranking of 129th in India (out of a total of 640). It is the only district in the state with cent percent urban population. This district is bordered on the east by Bankura, Paschim Medinipur districts, on the north by Bardhaman district of West Bengal state and Dhanbad district of Jharkhand state, on the west by Bokaro and Ranchi districts of Jharkhand state and on the south by West Singhbhum and East Singhbhum districts of Jharkhand state. Temperature is high in summer and average in winter which varies from 10 degrees in winter to 40 degrees in summer. Spread over 12,500 hectares the East Kolkata Wetlands play a very vital role in maintaining the ecological balance in the neighbourhood of Kolkata. Dr. Birendranath Dey renovated and revived the Bidyadhari in 1943. Jains numbered 21,178 and formed 0.5% of the population. Vidyapith is a Bengali-medium coeducational institution established in 1964. According to the 2011 census Purulia district has a population of 2,930,115,[21] roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica[22] or the US state of Arkansas. Each subdivision except Manbazar contains one municipality each along with community development blocks which in turn is divided into rural areas and census towns. [12], The district comprises four subdivisions: Purulia Sadar, Jhalda, Raghunathpur and Manbazar. In the first half of the 20th century the largest group of migrants were the working-class people from Bihar. [2][3][4] During medieval period, this territory was regarded as part of Jharkhand region. Bandwan and Manbazar constituencies will be reserved for Scheduled Tribes (ST) candidates. Raghunathpur subdivision consists of Raghunathpur municipality and six community development blocks: Para, Raghunathpur–I, Raghunathpur–II, Neturia, Santuri and Kashipur. In terms of area, it is the smallest amongst all the districts of West Bengal but has the highest density of population. All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map. The district is divided into 11 assembly constituencies:[17]. Among the medical facilities, it had 1 dispensary/ health centre, 1 family welfare centre, 1 veterinary hospital, 1 charitable hospital/ nursing home and 3 medicine shops. Area overview. Para constituency is reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) candidates. The District is served by three Rail connections provided by the South Eastern Railways. Persons not stating religion numbered 48,982 and formed 1.1% of the population. [29] The Chamars from the Hindi heartland, many of whom work in the leather industry, have been here for more than a century. The surrounding countryside continues its subsistence living with the help of this eco-system. According to the District Census Handbook 2011, Ghola Noapara covered an area of 0.9306 km 2. [1], With the decline of the once flourishing Saptagram port, traders and businessmen, such as the Basaks, the Sheths and others, started venturing southwards and settled in or developed places such as Gobindapur. Purulia Sadar subdivision covers the central portion of the district. [15], According to the 2011 census Kolkata district has a population of 4,496,694,[16] roughly equal to the nation of Croatia[17] or the US state of Louisiana. The literacy rates of male and female are 74.18% and 37.15% of the total population. There are also many private bus operators on this route. But in hot summer it comes down to 20% to 35%. 83.80% of the population of the subdivision lives in rural areas. Chatterjee, Partha, "Political Culture of Calutta", in “Calcutta, The Living City” Vol II, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Page 29, First published 1990, 2005 edition.

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