Rachel stood by her husband during her father's deceptions. Laban substituted Leah, his older daughter, and in the darkness, Jacob thought Leah was Rachel. Corrections? Once again Laban tried to trick Jacob –  there could be no amicable resolution between these two. Lorsque Jacob voit Rachel qui est bergère, fille de Laban, frère de sa mère, conduisant le troupeau de Laban, il s'approche, roule la pierre de dessus l'ouverture du puits, et abreuve le troupeau[2]. The restrictions on her date of birth are: She married Jacob (2245 AM) when she was old enough to carry an adult responsibility, because Jacob met her when she was leading a flock of sheep to water. When Laban was gone Rachel’s family moved on, and by the time it reached its destination Rachel was pregnant again. He then said something rash: that whoever had done such a thing should die…. [14][15], This article is about the biblical figure. When the drinking banquet was over her father led her, still veiled, into the room of her bridegroom, and she and Jacob made love. The bride in his bed was not Rachel, but Leah – he had  been tricked into marrying the wrong sister. of Jacob then married Rachel and worked for Laban another seven years for her. Elle est également la fille de Laban et la sœur de Léa. The name Rachel means “ewe” רָחֵל‎ Rāḥêl, Her father, Laban, was a shepherd and that may be where her name, which translates as “ewe” comes from. A beautiful young woman, she won the heart of her cousin Jacob and became his second wife. Later, another son arrived for Leah, called Zebulun. Après son départ de Béthel, Rachel meurt sur le chemin d'Ephrata - Bethléem. See also Michelangelo’s statues of Rachel & Leah, Michelangelo’s statue of Rachel – Nobody needs to be ashamed of honest, useful labor, nor ought it to hinder any one's preferment. He was then allowed to marry Rachel as well, in return for seven more years of labour. Jealous of her sister, Rachel gave Jacob her servant Bilhah as a wife. Never married, Jack feels that the hard-won lessons he has learned may help other Christian singles make sense of their lives. Indeed, Rachel had taken her father's idols, hidden them inside her camel's seat cushion, and sat upon them. Naturally, Laban and his sons resented Jacob’s success. Near Ephrath, Rachel went into a difficult labor with her second son, Benjamin. Jewish Women's Archive. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. But Jacob was empty-handed, and could not produce the normal bride-price for Rachel. She bore a son called Joseph. [4] Fearing that Laban would deter him, he fled with his two wives, Leah and Rachel, and twelve children without informing his father-in-law. What neither of them realized was that Laban had agreed to let  ‘his daughter’  marry Jacob, but had not specified which daughter it would be. Le Lévitique interdit d'épouser deux sœurs[12]. Rachel was buried on the road to Efrat, just outside Bethlehem,[10] and not in the ancestral tomb at Machpelah. Reuben took the mandrakes to his mother, and when Rachel saw them she asked Leah if she could have some of them. Scripture References— Genesis 29; 30; 31; 33:1, 2, 7; 35:16-26; 46:19, 22, 25; 48:7; Ruth 4:11; 1 Samuel 10:2; Jeremiah 31:15; Matthew 2:18. Today a site claimed to be Rachel's Tomb, located between Bethlehem and the Israeli settlement of Gilo, is visited by tens of thousands of visitors each year. At first childless, Rachel eventually gave birth to Joseph and died giving birth to Benjamin. Elle donne naissance à un deuxième fils qu'elle appelle Benoni, mais Jacob l'appelle Benjamin[27]. On the way to Ephrath she went into labor, but this time things did not go well for her. On the right side is Leah  ‘of the beautiful eyes’, blessed with many sons and, at far right, her daughter Dinah. Years ago on what should have been her wedding night, Laban had stolen Rachel’s happiness. Name Meaning—Rachel was the first person in the Bible to have a proper name derived from the brute creation. ", Love in the Bible: From God's Love to the Most Romantic Scriptures, The Ultimate List of Christmas Bible Verses to Celebrate Jesus' Birth, Lineage of Adam Through Ephraim in Historical Context, M.A., English Composition, Illinois State University, B.S., English Literature, Illinois State University. All rights reserved. But rather than dealing creatively with a difficult situation, Rachel behaved like a perpetual victim, responding to sin with yet more sin, making things worse by competing with her sister, and deceiving her father in return. The pains were very bad, and Rachel suffered terribly. Isaac, the father of Jacob, wanted his son to marry from among their own people, so he sent Jacob to Paddan-aram, to find a wife among the daughters of Laban, Jacob's uncle. Answer: Rachel is a major character in the early Old Testament; she was a daughter of Laban, sister of Leah, favored wife of Jacob, and mother of two of Jacob’s children. A bitter rivalry developed between the two women. Ruben le fils de Léa trouve des mandragores, les apporte à sa mère et Rachel en réclame[16], puis Rachel en mange les fruits et non les racines[17]. 46 Instances - Page 1 of 2 Expand or Limit Your Search Results: ... And they said, He is well: and, behold, Rachel his daughter cometh with the sheep. Rachel bore Joseph, then the entire clan left Laban's country to return to Isaac. The Book of Esther details Mordecai's lineage as "Mordecai the son of Yair, the son of Shimi, the son of Kish, a man of the right (ish yemini)" (Esther 2:5). She was manipulative to try to gain Jacob's favor. According to Tikva Frymer-Kensky, "The infertility of the matriarchs has two effects: it heightens the drama of the birth of the eventual son, marking Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph as special; and it emphasizes that pregnancy is an act of God."[6]. Dès que Laban entend parler de Jacob, fils de sa sœur, il court au-devant de lui, il l'embrasse et le fait venir dans sa maison[5]. Rachel est la première personne de sa famille que Jacob rencontre près d'un puits[1], à son arrivée à Harran. The painting is clearly not of Joseph in the New Testament. And they said, He is well: and, behold, Rachel his daughter cometh with the sheep. He did. Rachel's son Joseph was destined to be the leader of Israel's tribes between exile and nationhood. modifier - modifier le code - modifier Wikidata. At this stage, Jacob felt God calling him to return to his homeland. Jacob seems never to have forgiven Leah for her part in the deception. Rachel The Woman in Whom Romance and Tragedy Were Blended. Not like his statue of her sister Leah, Daily Life – Prayer – Paintings – Books of the Bible – Bible Paintings. We don't need to perform good works to earn it. Laban pursued them, caught up with them, and confronted them. Rachel was the favorite of Jacob's two wives and the mother of Joseph and Benjamin, two of the twelve forebears of the tribes of Israel. She greeted her father respectfully but did not rise from where she was sitting – on the saddlebags. Rebekah had sent him there to be safe from his angry twin brother, Esau. Il pleure en embrassant Rachel[3]. Before they set out, she took the small figurines that represented the protective deities of her father’s family (the teraphim), telling no-one what she was doing. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. Moreover, he was fooled with the same trick: he pretended to be his brother Esau, and now Leah had pretended to be her sister Rachel. Le tombeau de Rachel, lieu saint du judaïsme, symbolise pour les Juifs la route que les Judéens prirent lors de l'exil de Babylone. Rachel's father was Laban. Every indication was that she loved Jacob deeply. After 7 years of service, Jacob’s uncle Laban tricked him into marrying his eldest daughter Leah. His articles and ebooks offer great hope and encouragement. Updated January 15, 2018 The marriage of Rachel in the Bible was one of the most captivating episodes recorded in the book of Genesis, a story of love triumphing over lies. The seven years passed, and Jacob demanded his bride. Note du verset 50 du chapitre 31: Pirqé de Rabi Eliézér 36, Testament des douze Patriarches, Testament d'Issachar I,3, Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament, James Bennett Pritchard, ["Lire Margaret Atwood - Amours et désamours en dystopie : The Handmaid’s Tale - Presses universitaires de Rennes", https://books.openedition.org/pur/30523?lang=fr, Portail de la culture juive et du judaïsme, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rachel&oldid=174921640, Personnage cité dans la Divine Comédie (Enfer), Personnage cité dans la Divine Comédie (Paradis), Portail:Religions et croyances/Articles liés, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Religions et croyances, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, Le mythe de Rachel et Léah sert de fondement théologique à l'utilisation de servantes à but procréatif dans la dystopie. Rachel was jealous of her sister Leah. [4] Jacob had traveled a great distance to find Laban. Après sept ans de travail, Jacob demande à Laban de lui donner sa fille Rachel[7] mais Laban le trompe et lui donne sa fille aînée Léa[8]. Mandrake roots were a popular aphrodisiac in the ancient world, probably because they looked like the sexual organs of a well-endowed man. Rachel’s manner was so sweet and demure that Laban did not argue, and he left her tent empty-handed. Rachel lived in Harran, or Paddan Aram, and that’s where she met her cousin Jacob. Avant de fuir avec Jacob, Rachel dérobe les teraphim de son père Laban[20], ceux-ci faisant office de titres de propriété (une coutume hourrite selon laquelle la possession des idoles domestiques donne droit à l'héritage paternel est décrite dans une tablette trouvée lors des fouilles de la cité de Nouzi[21]). modest & sad. Bilhah bore children to Jacob, causing Leah to give her servant Zilpah to Jacob, who had children with her. She was the ‘unloved’ wife, but the original Hebrew word is better translated as ‘detested’. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Rachel-biblical-figure. Rachel complied, and this resulted in a fifth son for Leah. This was news to Jacob – he did not know Rachel had taken them. Each of the figures in Michelangelo’s painting is a known character in the Genesis story, as anyone who knows the Bible story of Jacob, Rachel and Leah can tell you. When God "saw that Leah was unloved, he opened her womb" (Gen 29:31), and she gave birth to four sons. Each time she had another son, she prayed that Jacob would finally love her as he loved Rachel. Leah on the other hand had no problem in bearing children. Laban agreed that his daughter might marry Jacob but stipulated that, as a bride price, Jacob must work for him for seven years (the seven year cycle was sacred in the ancient world). When Laban caught up with them, he searched for the idols, but Rachel had hidden the statues under her camel's saddle. Elle est la cousine et la seconde femme de Jacob. This meant that the cloth on which she was sitting was ritually unclean, and could not be touched by anyone except her. She called him Assachar. For some reason, some websites, books, and even Wikipedia interpret the names as Jacob (from the Book of Genesis) and Joseph, husband of Mary of Nazareth in the New Testament. Bilhah had a son, whom Rachel named Dan.

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