The Spanish present tense can be used to talk about habitual actions, routines, things happening now or in the near future, universal truths, facts, hypotheticals, lapses of time, and for ordering in restaurants and stores. Present Tense Regular Verbs ending in -AR is often omitted before the verb since we normally know who the subject (the person doing the action) is because of the verb's ending. (I know many people), Yo traduzco canciones. Spanish Regular Verbs in Present Tense With regular verbs in Spanish, only the ending part of that verb (the -ar, -er or -ir part) changes depending on who does the action. A list of common verbs in Spanish with their conjugation in different tenses and example sentences. The letter "U" in the stem of the infinitive verb changes to "UE" in the conjugations. The other present tense forms of these verbs follow the patterns for regular -ar, -er, and -ir verbs. I'm leaving for the airport in half an hour. You don't need to put the pronoun nosotros before the verb because we know that when we say hablamos, it refers to nosotros (we). For example: If you say "Hablamos español" (we speak Spanish). Although there are conjugations that are easier to learn, the present indicative tense is used the most. The Spanish present subjunctive (el presente de subjuntivo) is used to talk about situations of doubt, desire, emotion, necessity, or uncertainty. Daily routines, responsibilities, hobbies, and jobs can be talked about using the present tense. For example for YO (I) we take off the ending for all regular verbs and add the -O to the root (main part) of the verb. Other forms exist for subjects such as "he, she, or it," "we," and "they.". For specifics on when to use the subjunctive instead of the indicative, see our article on subjunctive vs. indicative. So often you will hear or just read "Hablamos español" without the pronoun nosotros. You can find these endings in the table below. Another example: if you want to say "They eat", we take the original verb, in this case Comer, we remove the ending (-er) and then add -EN to the end (because ellos = they). Verb conjugations include preterite, imperfect, future, conditional, subjunctive, and more tenses. Conjugation of Spanish Verbs in the Present Indicative Tense. Regular Present Indicative … To begin, we will show you how to conjugate the verb in the present tense: (Notice how the part of the verb in red is the part that changes), Teachers/Parents: There is a free version of this chart here: Free Spanish Present Tense - Regular Verbs Chart. If you found this guide about the Spanish Present Tense interesting or useful, let others know about it: Improve your Spanish with our reading passages. The following verbs are only irregular in the first person (singular). Unlike the present indicative, the present subjunctive is generally subjective. (The presenter asks for applause for the artist), Yo juego en mi pieza. Read on for more on each of these uses. The rest of the conjugations are as normal (see regular verbs above). Conjugating regular Spanish verbs in the indicative present tense involves removing the infinitive ending (. Some present tense yo conjugations undergo spelling changes or are irregular. The -o ending tells you who the subject of the verb is. The most common set of verbs in Spanish and perhaps the most important set of verbs that need to be learned first is the present indicative tense. (You have a headache), Él siente una presencia. Present Tense Irregular Verbs ending in -IR, See our notes written in Spanish about the Present Tense (El Presente Indicativo). The present tense is commonly used to talk about the amount of time something has been going on. For example, in the sentence Hablo español. (Literal translation: The devil's wisdom comes more from age than from being the devil.). You just remove the last two letters of the verb (in this case remove the -ar) and add the letter -O to the end to create the conjugated verb Hablo which means "I speak". In English, something happening at the moment of speaking is usually expressed using the present progressive. Spanish conjugation is a procedure in which Spanish verbs are changed to match with various other features of the phrase and its context. Native English speakers conjugate regular verbs all the time without thinking about it: For the past tense add a "d" or "ed" to the end of a verb, and for the present tense, add an "s" or "es" to indicate that one person or thing is performing an action. To conjugate a verb in the present indicative, remove the infinitive ending of the regular verb, in this case -ar, -er or -ir, and replace it with an ending that gives an indication as to "the person" that is performing the action of the verb. To conjugate an -er verb, remove the infinitive ending (-er) and add the ending that matches the subject. There is also a special section for Spanish teachers. The Spanish present tense can also be used to talk about things that will happen in the near future. Try our interactive games to practice the present tense in Spanish: Present Tense Games There are four types of verbs where the stem of the verb is irregular and changes. (I have lunch with my friends), Tú almuerzas todos los días en un restaurante. Gerald Erichsen is a Spanish language expert who has created Spanish lessons for ThoughtCo since 1998. Notice that most of the present tense endings for -er and -ir verbs are the same. Basic Spanish Conjugation Concepts You can find these endings in the table below. Present Tense Conjugation of ir – Presente (de indicativo) de ir. When used with the conjunction si (if), the present tense can express hypothetical situations and outcomes. We now have Comen (they eat). The conjugation of Spanish verbs is a little trickier than in English. (You have lunch in a restaurant every day), Ellos almuerzan comida chilena. (I speak Spanish. SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. (They have Chilean food for lunch), Tú sientes un dolor de cabeza. (I play in my room), Usted juega baloncesto. The indicative mood means that the sentence is a statement of fact. "You speak" is Tu hablas. The present tense means that the action is occurring now. Conjugate Spanish verbs with our conjugator. Before you continue reading, make sure you know about Subject Pronouns in Spanish (yo, tú, él etc.).

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