The plane mirror can be polished with various materials that can be used for various purposes but all the mirrors function the same way regardless of their constructing material. There is a great chance that your friend gets confused and end up touching wrong color strip.

A plane mirror makes an image of objects in front of the mirror; these images appear to be behind the plane in which the mirror lies. Place both the mirrors vertically with 180 degree angle between the them. The real images formed by the curved mirrors are always inverted. Given picture below shows how we can find the image of a point in plane mirrors. Plane Mirrors and Image Formation in Plane Mirrors If the reflecting surface of the mirror is flat then we call this type of mirror as plane mirrors. They can easily reflect light in various directions, undergoing certain phenomenon namely reflection, refraction or absorption. Order him to touch the white or black strip quickly. \end{align} We verify this formula in this experiment.

Pro Lite, Vedantu There can be 2 types of an image formed by mirrors, which are: The main difference between the real and virtual image is that in a real image the rays of light passes through the mirror while in a virtual image the rays of light strike the surface of the mirror and bounces back to the eye of the user. Vedantu academic counsellor will be calling you shortly for your Online Counselling session. If the angle between the mirrors is finally decreased to zero, infinite images are expected to be formed. In this type of reflection, the incident ray reflected along the reflected ray does not have the same angle as that of the incident ray. Some examples of a real image are the image formed on the retina of the eye or the image formed on the film of the camera. Applying this to triangles PAB and QAB in and using basic geometry shows that they are congruent triangles. Explain reflection of light from a plane mirror. Give the characteristics of image formed by a plane mirror.

The angle of incidence (i) is always equal to the angle of reflection (r). Now the reflected rays PA and OC are diverging rays and therefore cannot meet each other actually in front of the mirror. NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 4 – Motion In a Plane, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 4 Motion in a Plane In Hindi, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Beehive Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 9: Force and Laws Of Motion, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 9 Force and Laws of Motion in Hindi, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 11 Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Hindi, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 7 Systems of Particles and Rotational Motion in Hindi, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 5 Law of Motion in Hindi, Class 11 Physics Revision Notes for Chapter 4 - Motion in a Plane, CBSE Class 9 Science Revision Notes Chapter 9 - Force and Laws of Motion, CBSE Class 11 Physics Law of Motion Formulas, CBSE Class 12 Physics Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Formula, CBSE Class 11 Physics Systems of Particles and Rotational Motion Formulas, CBSE Class 11 Physics Thermal Properties of Matter Formulas, CBSE Class 11 Physics Mechanical Properties of Solids Formulas, CBSE Class 11 Physics Mechanical Properties of Fluids Formulas, CBSE Class 12 Physics Revision Notes for Chapter 11 - Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter, CBSE Class 10 Science Revision Notes Chapter 10 - Light Reflection and Refraction, Vedantu Light always has regular reflection on plane mirrors. When the angle between the two mirrors is 180 degree they together act like a single mirror so that only one image is visible. Now, measure the maximum angle between two mirrors when you get 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 images.

We can simply say when the light strikes the smooth surfaces the ray of light gets reflected in the same direction, as each incident ray reflected along the reflected ray having the same angle as that of the incident ray. 5. That is why when the angle between the mirrors is decreased one observe image within image, and image within that image, and so on. Test Your Understanding and Answer These Questions: Rules for Obtaining Images by Spherical Mirrors. 1. Ask your friend to wear the cap and see his image in the mirrors. You will see single image of the candle in mirror.

The real images of the objects are generally formed by the curved mirrors as in the curved mirrors the rays of light get reflected and pass through the mirror to form the real image.

Place a lighted candle in the space between the two mirrors. An image formed by the plan mirror is of the same magnification as that of the object. One of the main characteristics of the plane mirror is that the image formed by the plan mirror is inverted, that means if you raise your left hand then the image of the plan mirror will show the right hand going upwards. A straight line drawn from part of an object to the corresponding part of its image makes a right angle with, and is bisected by, the surface of the plane mirror. Prove with the help of diagram that the object and image formed in a plane mirror are at equal distance from the mirror. Now you will be able to open and close the mirrors like a book. An incident ray of light AP from the point A of the object AB falls normally on the mirror at point P, and is thus reflected back in the same path, along PA. Similarly, if the angle between the mirrors is increased the number of images decreases and when this angle is 180 degree, only one image is visible.

On joining the points A’ and B’ we find that the image formed by a plane mirror is virtual, erect and of the same size as that of object. See the image being formed. The virtual image of the objects is generally formed by the plane mirrors as the plane mirrors are polished on one side so the reflection of the object strikes the mirror and get reflected towards the direction of the observer's eye. The law of reflection tells us that the angle of incidence is the same as the angle of reflection. (i) The size of the image is the same as the size of the object. Adjust the angle between the mirrors so that you see two images of yourselves (with cap and strips clearly visible).

Though an average person is not familiar with this technical term, they can easily relate that to the normal mirrors which are polished on one side with mercury so that they can reflect light falling on them. The important phenomenon of the plane mirror is that the reflections of the objects form the virtual image with the same magnification, size, and distance of the same as the object really are.

We verify this formula in this experiment.

2. Characteristics of an Image Formed by a Plane Mirror. Why this happened? when the light hits a bird which is a rough surface, the reflected light scatters in all direction, when reaches our eye and hits the retina it gets processed in the brain from an electrical signal to form an image of a bird. The number of images formed by two adjacent plane mirrors depends on the angle between the mirror.

The number of images formed by two adjacent plane mirrors depends on the angle between the mirror. To find out the position of the image formed by a plane mirror after reflection, take a plane mirror MM’. Now place an extended object AB of size h on the left side of the mirror at a distance u. Take two plane mirrors (without frame). To see any image in the mirror a person should be in the line of sight of the mirror, as when the person is in the line of sight of the mirror then the reflected ray reaches that person’s eye through which anyone can see the image of the object if they are in the line of sight of the mirror, this is because light has the property of moving in a straight line.

In this way one observes a lot many images. So we extend the reflected rays PA and OC backwards behind the mirror by dotted lines. As the angle between the mirrors gradually decreased, not only the candle but the mirrors themselves get imaged in one another.

Images formed by the plane mirrors are always virtual in nature. Now place an extended object AB of size h on the left side of the mirror at a distance u. 3. The image formed by the plane mirror is of the same size as the object. Images formed by the plane mirrors are erect/ upright and is of the same size as of the object.

The image formed by the plane mirror has the same magnification, size, and distance of the object. Also on measuring the distance of object u and the distance of image v, it is found that the image is formed at the same distance behind the plane mirror as the object is in front of the mirror.

Properties of Reflection in Plane Mirrors: The magnification of the plane mirror is always 1, which is calculated by combining these properties of reflection. Locating an Image in a Plane Mirror.

To find out how many images are formed when plane mirrors are tilted at an angle, use the formula N=360/a-1 , wherein N is the number of images formed and a is the given angle. There are generally two laws of reflection which can be stated as follows: 1. Reduce the angle between mirrors and observe multiple images of the candle which makes a beautiful scene. The Diffused / Irregular reflection is the type of reflection in which the light after striking the rough surface gets reflected in all directions, it includes any light which we can see through our eyes. Fill a transparent glass tray with water and fix two similar mirrors at its opposite ends.

Image Formation on Plane Mirrors. There are two types of reflection in plane mirrors, which are: The Specular / Regular reflection, as the name says, provides the perfect image of the object without any distortion. If \(\theta\) (in degrees) is angle between the plane mirrors then number of images are given by. We have to see the rays coming from the object to see it. Make a cap with two strips of different colors (say black and white) pasted on the left and the right side.



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