They are chiefly obtained by refining crude oil. A true condensed formula can be written on a single line without any branching above or below it. [14] Chronic occupational exposure to elevated levels of n-hexane has been demonstrated to be associated with peripheral neuropathy in auto mechanics in the US, and neurotoxicity in workers in printing presses, and shoe and furniture factories in Asia, Europe, and North America. The industrial product (usually around 50% by weight of the straight-chain isomer) is the fraction boiling at 65–70 °C (149–158 °F). 3 Chemical and Physical Properties Expand this section. Dates: Modify . Create . Hexanes are chiefly obtained by refining crude oil. In preparative chromatography, concentration of a large volume of hexanes can result in a sample that is appreciably contaminated by alkanes. Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: Hexane, 110-54-3. Parentheses in a condensed formula indicate the polyatomic group is attached to the central atom to the right of the parentheses. Hexane is an alkane consisting of six carbon atoms with a chemical formula C6H14. [13], The acute toxicity of hexane is rather low. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Ethanol Molecular Formula and Empirical Formula, Molecular Geometry Definition in Chemistry, Calculate Empirical and Molecular Formulas, Coordination Number Definition in Chemistry, Electron Domain Definition and VSEPR Theory, Empirical Formula: Definition and Examples, Lewis Structures or Electron Dot Structures, Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College. All alkanes are colorless. It is widely used as a cheap, relatively safe, largely unreactive, and easily evaporated non-polar solvent. [19] n-Hexane is sometimes used as a denaturant for alcohol, and as a cleaning agent in the textile, furniture, and leather industries. 2 Names and Identifiers Expand this section. Each carbon atom is single bonded to a hydrogen atom. Like gasoline, hexane is highly volatile and is an explosion risk. They are also used to extract cooking oils (such as canola oil or soy oil) from seeds, for cleansing and degreasing a variety of items, and in textile manufacturing. 2 Names and Identifiers Expand this section. 584-94-1. More examples of condensed formulas include: Condensed Formula Definition in Chemistry. All alkanes are colorless. To learn more about such chemistry topics register to BYJU’S now! Structural Formula. [citation needed]. [14] Chronic occupational exposure to elevated levels of n-hexane has been demonstrated to be associated with peripheral neuropathy in auto mechanics in the US, and neurotoxicity in workers in printing presses, and shoe and furniture factories in Asia, Europe, and North America. Molecular Model Application loaded. P201-P210-P273-P301 + P310-P308 + P313-P331, Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation), category 4, Acetone, Benzene, Butanol, Methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), Butyl Acetate (n-), Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), Carbon Tetrachloride, Chloroform, Cyclohexane, Dichloroethane (1, 2-), Dichloromethane, Diethyl ether, Diisopropyl ether, Dioxane, Ethanol, Ethyl Acetate, Heptane, Hexane, Pentane, 1-Propanol, Isopropanol, Tetrahydrofuran (THF), Toluene, Trichloroethylene, Isooctane,  Xylene, Acetic Acid, Acetonitrile, Dimethylformamide, Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO), Methanol, Water. [19] n-Hexane is sometimes used as a denaturant for alcohol, and as a cleaning agent in the textile, furniture, and leather industries. Structural Formula. Chart listing the various names, identifiers and synonyms of hexane, mixture of isomers. [9] Since hexane cannot be easily deprotonated, it is used in the laboratory for reactions that involve very strong bases, such as the preparation of organolithiums. In this short piece of article, let us learn more about the hexane formula, its properties and chemical structure along with its uses. Occupational hexane poisoning has occurred with Japanese sandal workers, Italian shoe workers,[21] Taiwan press proofing workers, and others. [9] Since hexane cannot be easily deprotonated, it is used in the laboratory for reactions that involve very strong bases, such as the preparation of organolithiums.

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