ISSN: 2013-2247 29 Received 28 May 2015. ON THE DE + INFINITIVE CONSTRUCTION (DEÍSMO) IN SPANISH Carlota de BENITO1 & Enrique PATO2 Universität Zürich1 / Université de Montréal2 carlota.debenitomoreno@uzh.ch / enrique.pato-maldonado@umontreal.ca Ella espera viajar a Londres. I smell the soup cooking. I feel the frying pan heating up. Learning Spanish should be fun. Although the Spanish infinitive is sometimes translated as an infinitive in English, it isn't always, as the following examples show: No smoking, Empujar You may occasionally hear expressions like "a ver" or "a leer" meaning "let's see" or "let's read." 180 0 obj <>/Encrypt 156 0 R/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<755D74A7CAE32F429D1274F97F1CF1B3>]/Index[155 43]/Info 154 0 R/Length 118/Prev 381001/Root 157 0 R/Size 198/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream This is a common verb construction in Spanish. The movie is about running in the Olympic Games. ��9������$�&�3l�3_�C���:��,/ 'L����@J�6(7�p��Moc���m�l���6r� ����j7� ���M�U����=���1��u��@e�60[!oqr�c� J Some examples: No me basta con estudiar quince Ella empezó a llorar. This verb can be used as either a reflexive verb or a … Hundreds of Spanish worksheets from which to choose. endstream endobj 156 0 obj <> endobj 157 0 obj <> endobj 158 0 obj <> endobj 159 0 obj <>stream Hay que estudiar. There are many special infinitive constructions in Spanish that use a bewildering variety of prepositions (like a, de, en, and con).Some of them are somewhat logical. In Spanish, the infinitive consists of one word and is the verb form that ends in -ar, -er or -ir, for example, hablar, comer, vivir. There are three ways that verbs can be linked together when the second verb is an infinitive: Note that you have to learn the preposition required for each verb. I dream about traveling to a Caribbean beach. She began to cry. Buscar todos los diccionarios oficiales de Collins. Nos ensuciamos al jugar. A ella le fascina cocinar. I know how to swim very well. Not: Yo leer el periódico. We can write a formula for this construction as: conjugated verb + preposition "en" + infinitive Insistir and pensar are the main verbs in this category. / You've got to study. N Arrastre la respuesta correcta a la casilla. No littering, No tocar Note: Sometimes the article el is used with an infinitive to emphasize the fact that it is a subject. Él volvió a leer el poema. After learning the subjunctive you may be tempted to overuse it. I like to swim and ice skate. We prefer not to have homework. Games and activities featuring high-quality images and audio. J In English, the infinitive is usually thought of as being made up of two words, for example. The rules for using por and para are long and complex. ON THE DE + INFINITIVE CONSTRUCTION (DEÍSMO) IN SPANISH Carlota de BENITO1 & Enrique PATO2 Universität Zürich1 / Université de Montréal2 carlota.debenitomoreno@uzh.ch / enrique.pato-maldonado@umontreal.ca Abstract This paper aims at providing the first complete description of the de + infinitive construction in Peninsular Spanish. Read more about them at Using Por and Para. The two verbs may be linked by nothing at all, or by. verb = trabajar (infinitive). He didn’t manage to finish his degree course. verb = oír (infinitive), verb = comienzar (present indicative) They hurt themselves by playing without shoes. Pues, cuenta con estar aburrido. Voy a ir al partido mañana. I learned to ski. / But I just got here! R She takes notes in order to understand better. Any verb that has a subject must be conjugated: Yo leo el periódico. ¡Gracias por ayudarnos! A Again, resist the urge to use the present participle like we do in English: Al llegar entendí el problema. Most native English speakers would find this phrase easier to follow were Daniel to avoid the al + infinitive construction and instead sing: Nos confundimos cuando hablamos sin escuchar or Nos confundimos hablando sin eschuchar, both of which are more parallel to the typical English construction. London WC1R 4HQ. Free resources to help you enjoy learning Spanish quickly. Other verbs that are often followed by infinitives are decidir (to decide to), esperar (to hope to), intentar (to try to), preferir (to prefer to), and saber (to know how to). I'm going to go to the game tomorrow. The rules for using por and para are long and complex. Verbs in the infinitive form are not conjugated and do not indicate anything about who is performing an action or at what point in time the action is taking place. We do not do this in Spanish. Ir + a + Infinitive. This brings our attention to the use of al + infinitive. Mateo dejó de leer. verb = caminar (infinitive), verb = vienir (present indicative) What's an "object of a verb"? Resist the urge to use the present participle ("-ando" or "-iendo") form of the verb: Jugar básquetbol es muy divertido. That's it for this lesson. As you can see this is a weird category Note: When used with an infinitive, acabar de means "to just have done something.". H Verbs that fall into this category are acabar, dejar, tratar, tratarse. Using Infinitives in Special Expressions. The construction in Spanish does not always match the English. "���b�3�v���f���P.x�����|�i��Gy%�i*k��8V���wܬ�NB��.޿�J������,��n���T! Languages / Spanish / Grammar / Verbs and tenses, Mira 2 Module 1 Revision Worksheet (La gente), Mira 1 Module 2 Revision Worksheet (School), 62 Spanish Lessons for £2 - Year 7 - Viva 1 - Module 1, The most useful tenses at GCSE. They don't have a meaning of their own and show position, time, relationship, etc. verb = trabajar (infinitive) Ella deja de jugar. E Siento calentar el sartén. Learn spanish infinitive constructions reflexive with free interactive flashcards. Let's start reviewing this formula with the following clip: We get confused by speaking without listening, In Giroscopio by La Gusana Ciega, frontman Daniel Gutierrez sings: nos confundimos al hablar sin escuchar, which we have translated as "we get confused by speaking without listening.". I'm thinking about studying law. When following a preposition, verbs should be left in the infinitive. Deber (to should), poder (to be able to), querer (to want to), and soler (to usually) are verbs which are commonly followed by an infinitive. You should conjugate your commands according to the subject (the person you're commanding). I was getting bored with not being able to leave the house. Remember, if the subject doesn't change from one clause to the next, use an infinitive, not a subjunctive verb: Yo quiero visitar Machu Picchu. In Spanish, the infinitive consists of one word and is the verb form that ends in -ar, -er or -ir, for example, hablar, comer, vivir. It is known as the immediate future and is used to indicate actions that are shortly about to take place eg within the next ten minutes, hour, day or even next week. Te lastimas al correr sin estirarte. Thanks for helping us! We tried to move the stone. (tener, haber), Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Pienso en estudiar la ley. Huelo cocinar la sopa. She hopes to travel to London. Full list of teacher resources here. verb = jugar (infinitive), verb = correr (present indicative) The Spanish infinitive is used quite frequently after conjugated verbs, and sometimes in a way that has no direct equivalent in English. He always eats before studying. When we want to use a verb as a noun in English, we use gerund ("-ing") form of the verb. ; When you look up a verb in the dictionary, you will find that information is usually listed under the infinitive form. Ten cuidado en revisar tu informe. But I just arrived! Yabla lessons will help you build Spanish language skills. Reading is interesting. Siempre come antes de estudiar. The construction poner(se) a + infinitivo, prevalent in spoken Spanish, is used to mean to begin/ start doing [something], to get something/someone to do [something], to set about doing [something] or to get on with [something]. Some examples: Aprendí a esquiar. This is followed by the strangest category yet: Acabar, bastar, contar, and soñar History). The verbs to remember here are tener and haber.

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