To me, that reads, “one through four”. If you are using a phrase like that as a modifier, however, you’ll need hyphens to hold it all together: a two-and-a-half-hour trip. (Correct). or should I be using hyphens? “This area needs to be a two-foot to three-foot section…”. I’m proofreading an art book, and there are many references to photos’ measurements, e.g., “8 by 10-inch” or “3 by 5-inch.” Am I right to insert a hyphen after the 8 or the 3? Impact of Optimal Antibiotic Therapy for Pneumonia on 30 day Readmissions Thank you for your time. . An apostrophe is needed after years: Twenty-plus years’ experience. Thanks for your advice! Deciding whether to write numbers as numerals or as number words is a matter of style. Our rule is based on Chicago Manual of Style’s rule 9.38. The candidates completed a one-hour written test. Yes, a hyphen is needed: Incorrect: one thousand, one hundred fifty-four dollars, and sixty-one cents However, we are not sure we are understanding you correctly. If there are multiple adjectives. I think this is correct, but please could I get a second opinion? Is this correct usage of hyphens: By being consistent in the use of numerals for numbers describing time and writing out the other small numbers, you can avoid having to insert punctuation, such as commas. Q. How would this format work with hyphenated modifiers? Regarding the five 20 kg bags, I take your point about not hyphenating numerals and units. (She is in the first grade, not first-rate,) Thank you! If not, it should be lowercased. But not 24. I was taught that numbers like twenty five are hyphenated if used as an adjective as in Line 2 but not hyphenated when used as a noun as in Line 1. Site Map Does the phrase “more reliable readings” mean “more instances (data points) of reliable readings” or “more-reliable readings (though all readings would have been somewhat-reliable, no matter what…)”? Two metres tall, 2 metres tall, or 2 meters tall (American spelling) could each be considered correct. I need help with hyphens and numbers for my term report project. He is a three-years old baby. If you use abbreviations, we simply recommend that you remain consistent in the style guidance that you choose. As a young Christian it surprised me that I did not meet other evangelical believers during that six week trip. Yes, he’s a four-year-old (boy/child). OR In regard to your second question, in accordance with the Chicago Manual of Style’s Rule 9.16, hyphens are never used between the numeral and an abbreviation or symbol, even when they are in adjectival form. Which is correct to say and why? For the sake of readability and to lend an appearance of consistency, they are hyphenated in noun, adjective, and adverb forms…”, “…more than three-quarters of our staff…”. The article a in the sentence indicates that you need to use a singular noun (decision). Either of your choices might be acceptable, depending on one’s policy. Well, but the hyphenating rules doesn’t explain why it would be 5-foot instead of 5-feet in the first place, i.e. If you look at the noun following the compound adjective, you will see it is the singular noun unit. thank you for your help. I am writing a recipe in which I have to convert inches into centimeters in parenthesis and it makes things complicated. Wondering if there should be a hyphen between 30-day in my title that reads: Therefore, no hyphen is required. The Chicago Manual of Style says, “A hyphen is helpful in expressions such as ‘five-two.’ ”. You may also express decades in complete numerals. 3-metre trailer or 3-meter trailer (American English) Quotation Marks. An alternative could be She rated her pain as eight out of ten. Sorry if I missed this one. It is different if you are referring to the measurement itself such as 3 feet tall, 10 pounds lighter, or 2 inches shorter. Write “fifteen- to twenty-one-day cleanse.”. The hyphenated examples look right, but I rarely see them hyphenated on the internet. Nearly all American 10th-graders plan to go to college. We recommend consulting either The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, published by the Harvard Law Review Association or the ALWD Citation Manual: A Professional System of Citation, prepared and published by the Association of Legal Writing Directors and Darby Dickerson. Sign up to receive the FREE weekly GrammarBook.com E-Newsletter. The four-foot-wide car was rusty. approximately 12.1 cubic yards (9.3 cubic meters) of soil over an area of 0.0023 acre. Count three spaces to the left to place the first comma. Can you lend me your five-foot tape measure? The Chicago Manual of Style Online © 2006, 2007, 2010, 2017 by The University of Chicago. America's two most influential style and usage guides have different approaches: The Associated Press Stylebook recommends spelling out the numbers zero through nine and using numerals thereafter—until one million is reached. or I have to disagree in the case of values. Mixed fractions are often expressed in figures unless they begin a sentence. Ok, in a document that requires that numbers be written both numerically and spelled out, how should the phrase be constructed? (SHOULD YEARLONG BE 1 WORD OR 2? I wanted to write it like this: (1) 4″ conduit. Twenty-seven of them were hospitalized. A nanorobot-filled bandage came out of a sixteen-inch–diameter housing. While not proclaiming to be an authority on writing, those are just some of the standards I have adapted, whether or not they are right? I am trying to apply the rules. The phrase “three-year-degree” is a compound adjective that acts as a single idea and describes the singular noun course. Some writers place an apostrophe after the number: Example: During the 80's and 90's, the U.S. economy grew. I don’t want the reader to confuse the length of a single term with the term limit. I could be wrong, but again, it looks too cluttered with the additional hyphen, in my humble opinion. Below are various methods for conveying time spans. If I wanted to add “plain”(as opposed to fluted), would this be the correct way to write it: Since the word plain is not part of the compound adjective 2-inch-round, we recommend writing 2-inch-round, plain cookie cutter. The first-floor, 2 1/2-ton condensing unit was manufactured in the year 2000. Anthony’s hammer weighs five pounds. Two-word numbers should be expressed in figures. There is no need for hyphens if you’re using the phrase as a noun: We’ll be there in two and a half hours; two and a half hours is plenty of time. Also, as per our rules for Writing Numbers, we would write one in five people …. Rule 5. I need some help dealing with measurements and distance. America's two most influential style and usage guides have different approaches: The Associated Press Stylebook recommends spelling out the numbers zero through nine and using numerals thereafter—until one million is reached.
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