Frederick the Great's most notable and decisive military victories on the battlefield were the Battles of Hohenfriedberg, fought during the War of Austrian Succession in June 1745; the Battle of Rossbach, where Frederick defeated a combined Franco-Austrian army of 41,000 with a mere 21,000 soldiers (10,000 dead for the Franco-Austrian side with only 550 casualties for Prussia); and the Battle of Leuthen, which was a follow up victory to Rossbach pitting Frederick's 36,000 troops against Charles of Lorraine's Austrian force of 80,000—Frederick's masterful strategy and tactics at Leuthen inflicted 7,000 casualties upon the Austrians and yielded 20,000 prisoners. Once when two thousand Austrian Hussars marched through Baireuth the Margravine dragged her frail body from her invalid couch into the hot street to see them pass and count them one by one, next day minutely reporting to Frederick their numbers and appearance. Wilhelmina, born in 1709, was the eldest child of Frederick, William I., the second Prussian King, whose wife was Sophia Dorothea, daughter of our George I. Physically considered, she was no illustration of the new law of heredity, for her body, fragile in build and enfeebled by weak health, showed a wide departure from the historic Hohenzollern type. * RICHARD. Frederick II (German: Friedrich; 24 January 1712 – 17 August 1786) was King of Prussia from 1740 until 1786, the longest reign of any Hohenzollern king. Some critics, however, point out his oppressive measures against conquered Polish subjects during the First Partition. Your feedback will help us improve the Spectator Archive. Frederick supported arts and philosophers he favored, as well as allowing complete freedom of the press and literature. Please try again. You're listening to a sample of the Audible audio edition. His most significant accomplishments during his reign included his military victories, his reorganization of Prussian armies, his patronage of the arts and the Enlightenment in Prussia, and his final success against great odds in the Seven Years' War. He became known as Frederick the Great (Friedrich der Große) and was affectionately nicknamed Der Alte Fritz ("Old Fritz") by the Prussian and later by all German people. In spite of his father's desire that his education be entirely religious and pragmatic, the young Frederick, with the help of his tutor Jacques Duhan, procured for himself a three thousand volume secret library of poetry, Greek and Roman classics, and French philosophy to supplement his official lessons. In one of the Margravine's frequent prostra- tions by illness she wrote thus :— " I am reading the memoirs of Sully. He left instructions that he should be buried next to his greyhounds on the vineyard terrace, on the side of the corps de logis of Sanssouci. There is a clear hint in his early life that he was homosexual. She planned. Neither in thought nor style are her letters on philosophic and practical topics inferior to his : in wit Voltaire had the upper hand. Frederick remained an admired historical figure through the German Empire's defeat in the First World War, and the Nazis, ironically enough, glorified him as a great German leader pre-figuring Hitler, but his reputation in both East and West Germany became far less favorable after the fall of the Nazi regime, largely due to his status as a favorite icon of the Nazis. Contact. In lieu of his military predilections, Frederick administered his Kingdom justly and ranks among the most "enlightened" monarchs of his era; this, notwithstanding the fact that in many ways, "Frederick the Great represented the embodiment of the art of war". After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. ", Voltaire was a. main pivot of the said diplomatic moves.

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