[80][81], Traditional areas of coconut cultivation in India are the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Puducherry, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal and, Gujarat and the islands of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar. They can be sorted mainly into tall cultivars, dwarf cultivars, and hybrid cultivars (hybrids between talls and dwarfs). [citation needed], A full-sized coconut weighs about 1.4 kg (3.1 lb). This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 02:16. T. Pradeepkumar, B. Sumajyothibhaskar, and K.N. The Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kannur under Kerala Agricultural University has developed an innovative extension approach called the compact area group approach to combat coconut mites. [113], The Zulu Social Aid and Pleasure Club of New Orleans traditionally throws hand-decorated coconuts, one of the most valuable Mardi Gras souvenirs, to parade revelers. Harries' adoption of the Polynesian terms niu kafa and niu vai has now passed into general scientific discourse, and his hypothesis is generally accepted. Coconut trees are a member of the Arecaceae family, more commonly known as the palm family. Adsule, and S.S. Kadam. New Delhi: Nature is bountiful in the gifts it has given us, and the fact is that everything we need for a healthy and happy life can be received from nature in the most inexpensive and natural ways. [128], Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) is a surfactant manufactured from coconut oil that is increasingly used as an ingredient in personal hygiene products and cosmetics, such as shampoos, liquid soaps, cleansers and antiseptics, among others. However, many fruits and vegetables are also classified by their culinary uses. Before modern construction methods were introduced, coconut leaves were used as roofing material for many houses in the islands, while coconut timber was used to build houses and boats. Always consult your doctor or a professional healthcare provider if you have any specific questions about any medical matter. Some cultivars such as 'Fiji dwarf' form a large bulb at the lower stem and others are cultivated to produce very sweet coconut water with orange-coloured husks (king coconut) used entirely in fruit stalls for drinking (Sri Lanka, India). The decreased buoyancy and increased fragility of this spherical, thin-husked fruit would not matter for a species that had started to be dispersed by humans and grown in plantations. This article explains what they are, what symptoms they cause and what you can do about it. Now that we’ve resolved the identity crisis of our beloved coconut, it’s time to grab one and pop a piece in your mouth as a delicious, healthy reward! Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia, Learn how and when to remove this template message, more deaths are caused by falling coconuts than by sharks, Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, "coco | Origin and meaning of coco by Online Etymology Dictionary", "coconut | Origin and meaning of coconut by Online Etymology Dictionary", "The Fifth Voyage of Sindbad the Seaman – The Arabian Nights – The Thousand and One Nights – Sir Richard Burton translator", "A Brief History of the Coconut Palm in Australia", "Independent Origins of Cultivated Coconut (, "Coconuts: not indigenous, but quite at home nevertheless", "Ancient crops provide first archaeological signature of the westward Austronesian expansion", "An early sophisticated East Polynesian voyaging canoe discovered on New Zealand's coast", "Long-distance dispersal of the coconut palm by migration within the coral atoll ecosystem", "Fossil fruit of Cocos L. (Arecaceae) from Maastrichtian-Danian sediments of central India and its phytogeographical significance", "An update of monocot macrofossil data from New Zealand and Australia", "A Fossil Coconut Fruit from the Early Eocene of Gujarat", Rise in coconut yield, farming area put India on top, "How Long Does It Take for a Coconut Tree to Get Coconuts? Coconut water can be drunk fresh or used in cooking as in binakol. Despite being shaped like a seed and having a name that includes the word “nut,” coconut is a delicious fruit. [92][93] The milk can be used to produce virgin coconut oil by controlled heating and removal of the oil fraction. In the United States, coconut palms can be grown and reproduced outdoors without irrigation in Hawaii, southern and central Florida,[88] and the territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands. [47] Like other fruits, it has three layers: the exocarp, mesocarp, and endocarp. It prefers areas with abundant sunlight and regular rainfall (1,500–2,500 mm [59–98 in] annually), which makes colonizing shorelines of the tropics relatively straightforward. Chan, Edward and Craig R. Elevitch. Omani people needed the coir rope from the coconut fiber to stitch together their traditional seagoing dhow vessels in which nails were never used. (April 2006). Given proper care and growing conditions, coconut palms produce their first fruit in six to ten years, taking 15 to 20 years to reach peak production. [41] On fertile soil, a tall coconut palm tree can yield up to 75 fruits per year, but more often yields less than 30. [85], The coconut is the national tree of the Maldives and is considered the most important plant in the country. However, ask most people the difference between Great Britain, Britain and England, and they could probably tell you some dissimilarities, although I wouldn’t be too sure that they were answering correctly. Its fruits are similar to the coconut, but smaller. In 2018, world production of coconuts was 62 million tonnes, led by Indonesia, the Philippines, and India, with 74% combined of the total (table). He explained how at Guam "they eat coconuts" ("mangiano cochi") and that the natives there also "anoint the body and the hair with coconut and beniseed oil" ("ongieno el corpo et li capili co oleo de cocho et de giongioli"). Unlike other drupes, the coconut seed is so large that it is unlikely to be dispersed by being swallowed by fauna, but it can float extremely long distances—across oceans. [35][37][38] Conran et al. The falling nature of their mature fruit has led to preoccupation with death by coconut.[3]. The reasons why coconut are cultivated only in Yemen's Al Mahrah and Hadramaut governorates and in the Sultanate of Oman, but not in other suitable areas in the Arabian Peninsula, may originate from the fact that Oman and Hadramaut had long dhow trade relations with Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, East Africa, and Zanzibar, as well as southern India and China. What's Funny About The Business Of Monkeys Picking Coconuts? Typical drupes include apricots, olives, loquat, peaches, plums, cherries, mangoes, pecans, and amlas (Indian gooseberries). [75] A sprouting coconut seed is the logo for Gerakan Pramuka Indonesia, the Indonesian scouting organization. : B. arenosella, B. atriloqua (feeds exclusively on C. nucifera), B. mathesoni (feeds exclusively on C. nucifera), and B. So, once and for all, a coconut can be a nut, a seed and a fruit, all at the same time. Know Your Vitamins: What Do Water-Soluble Vitamins Do In The Body? Coconut is a fruit rich in antioxidants, and eating a few pieces of coconut every day, or drinking coconut water, can help in boosting immunity and fighting diseases. They need year round warmth and moisture to grow well and fruit. What makes coconuts such great edible items is that the various parts can be used for different purposes, in addition to their ubiquitous availability in tropical and sub-tropical regions across the world. Frison, E.A. But what is the right answer here? Coconut meat is the white flesh inside a coconut. To be safe, speak with a healthcare professional before trying coconut if you have a history of tree nut or nut allergies. | Sanjay Thakker Of Group Landmark To ET NOW, Attractive Discounts To Woo Customers | Anuj Arora Of Oberoi Mall To ET NOW, How Is Festive Season Looking For Mahindra Holidays? The dried calyx is used as fuel in wood-fired stoves. Copra is the dried meat of the seed and after processing produces coconut oil and coconut meal. A coconut is different from any other fruit, as it contains a significant amount of ‘water’ inside it; this is why when a coconut is not allowed to ripen, it can be be harvested for drinking. However, they’re technically a type of tree nut. Coconut water is traditionally used as a growth supplement in plant tissue culture and micropropagation. Plants are intolerant of cold weather and prefer copious precipitation, as well as full sunlight. [1] The term "coconut" (or the archaic "cocoanut")[2] can refer to the whole coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which botanically is a drupe, not a nut.

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