In addition to carrying various bacteria that can be transmitted to people, cockroaches are known to cause or worsen various allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis and asthma. She owns Corpus Christi Allergy Associates in Corpus Christi, Texas. Daniel More, MD, is a board-certified allergist and clinical immunologist. He is an assistant clinical professor at the University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine and currently practices at Central Coast Allergy and Asthma in Salinas, California. Allergic reactions may occur when the roach comes into contact with a patient’s skin; when the proteins present in the body, feces, or saliva of a roach triggers adverse immune system response; when airborne allergens present in body and waste of roaches are inhaled. Even in colder climates, however, cockroaches can be found, especially where humans live. In addition to carrying various bacteria that can be transmitted to people, cockroaches are known to cause or worsen various allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis and asthma. Just like cats, dogs, or pollen, cockroaches can cause allergies. By using Verywell Health, you accept our, GUSTOIMAGES/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/Getty Images. If avoidance is not adequate to prevent symptoms completely, then medications may need to be used. Weber RA. You Need to Avoid These 19 Different Sea Creatures. Weber RA. Lastly, allergen immunotherapy with cockroach allergen has been shown to be useful for the treatment of various allergic diseases caused by cockroach allergy, and in many cases reduces or eliminates the need for allergy medications. The allergens tend to be heavy, similar to dust mite allergen, and are only likely to be airborne with activities such as sweeping or vacuuming. Have You Ever Heard of an Allergy to Sunscreen? Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. Cockroaches are found all over the world, particularly in warmer climates. German Cockroaches. The major cockroach allergens come from droppings, called frass. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. 2009;103(4): A4. Enzymes in proteins found in cockroaches are thought to cause allergic reactions … The journal Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research found that cockroaches are one of the most common sources of allergens worldwide. They feed on table scraps, trash, and pet food, but can eat other materials, such as paper goods and other forms of starch. The airborne cockroach particles then enter the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, and lungs, and set up an allergic reaction in people with allergic antibodies against the cockroach. How Can You Develop a New Food Allergy When You Are Older? Cockroach allergy is diagnosed in much the same way as other allergies, with the use of allergy testing. The choice of medication for cockroach allergy is based on the symptoms that occur, rather than based on the specific allergen that caused the symptoms. Cockroaches are insects that have been around for hundreds of millions of years and are well-known pests that infest human dwellings. The National Pest Management Association reports that 63% of homes in the United States contain cockroach allergens. Skin testing is the most accurate and least expensive way to diagnose cockroach allergy, although testing the blood for IgE to cockroach can also make the diagnosis. Oriental Cockroaches. Can Non-Traditional Pets Cause Allergies, Too? What You Should Know About Peanut Allergies. While cockroaches don't bite, they're considered dangerous because they can be an allergen source and asthma trigger, and may carry harmful bacteria. Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved, Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. The treatment of cockroach allergy involves three key steps: Avoidance, medications, and immunotherapy. Crash Course on the Most Common Food Allergens, A Vitamin D Deficiency Can Make Your Allergies Worse, Learn What the Different Seasonal Allergies Are and How to Treat Them, From A to Z: Learn How to Manage Your Food Allergies With Ease, Coping With Fear When You Have a Food Allergy, What You Should Know About Seasonal Allergies and Pollen Allergies, Find out What Happens When You Have a Bee Sting Allergy and Get Stung, Shellfish Allergy? Jurairat J. Molina, MD, is a board-certified allergist who has been practicing in field of allergy and clinical immunology for the past two decades. Cockroaches can be found indoors and outdoors, and some species are dependent upon humans for their survival. Some patients may suffer from allergic reactions to a cockroach bite. Cockroaches are insects that have been around for hundreds of millions of years and are well-known pests that infest human dwellings. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. Read our, Medically reviewed by Corinne Savides Happel, MD, Medically reviewed by Jurairat J. Molina, MD, Verywell Health uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. A very common skin reaction to bites from German cockroaches, American cockroaches, or Oriental roaches is an allergic response. Asthmatic patients are at greater risk to suffering from an asthma …

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