The amount of protein supplied by alfalfa can go a long way toward satisfying the high protein requirements of young, growing horses. Blood solids are largely protein, and because antibod- ies and other immune substances are proteins, this nutrient also plays a major function in ghting infection. President Hay USA Inc. Nation Due to the large size of the bales, combined with a humid climate, development of mold is favored. Do your research. 10 - 6 That is why they buy from Hay USA Inc. Hay USA Inc. When buying alfalfa be cautious of Blister Beetles. It can be bailed in small squares, rounds , 1 ton or 1/2 ton bales. Alfalfa hay can be an excellent source of calories for horses who need help in gaining weight, or whose exercise demands require additional energy sources. With time hay will loose its fresh smell but that does not affect nutrient value. It’s green and leafy, and horses love it, but alfalfa hay also has a bit of a bad reputation in the horse world. It is often striped, very mature, tobacco cured, shattery, off color and it is not surprising to see a little mold. Be sure to feed ample alfalfa if you use round bales this will lessen your chances of impaction. Round bales are often very mature and not a high quality bermuda. Nutrition Facts. If your horse doesn’t need the high nutrition value of pure alfalfa, look for a mixed grass/alfalfa hay. It may have been rained on in the stack, the windrow or on the bale in the field. Nitrogen fertilization directly affects the crude protein content of grass, with maturity at cutting held constant; the higher the fertilization the higher the crude protein ... Further, each forage species has a maximum crude protein level. Next, the young horse requires calcium and phosphorus in the correct ratio to one another. Adding a little alfalfa, especially prior to exercise, really helps buffer the stomach acid. Alfalfa Hay (also known as Legume Hay) averages 21.2% protein and 11% NSC (simple starches). It is soft to the touch, dry in moisture and consistent. The "cutting" doesn't matter nearly as much as the maturity of the hay when it was cut. But your horse depends on you. A reputable local producer or hay dealer is your horses best friend. However, several persistent myths regarding the feeding of horses still exist in the horse world. The mineral content of alfalfa hay is largely dependent on the mineral content of the soil. Liz Blitzer The color is bright and it is palatable being weed free and free of mold and trash. Orchard grass is not sensitive to time of cutting and can be cut at earlier stages of maturity. can shorten the life of the stand. It is for this reason that you should talk to your veterinarian about vaccinating your horses against botulism if you plan to feed round bales. We supply hay for top performing horses, breeding facilities large and If someone offers you to sell their good quality barn-stored" last year's hay" at a bargain-basement price-take them up on it! Our focus at Hay USA is on premium hay for horses because finding the right hay for your horses can be a frustrating search. Nutritional value of all hays, whether legumes or grasses, is primarily related to stage of maturity when the plants are harvested. It’s been blamed for colic and high spirits, but does alfalfa deserve the stigma that seems to follow it? It is, however, considerably higher in Your horse will often only eat the center of the bale and use the rest for bedding or it is urinated on. Timothy plants are sensitive to time of cutting (stage of maturity when cut) and cutting at the wrong stage of maturity is damaging to the plants. calcium than grasses so supplementation with a vitamin-mineral supplement designed to be fed with legumes is recommended when feeding alfalfa as a sole source of forage. The loss of a round bale is 1/3 of the entire outside of the bale. Everything we expect a horse to do for us exacts a price. Ideally, we would like to have a total dietary calcium to phosphorus ratio of between 1.5-2 parts calcium to 1 part phosphorus. But, It is important not to feed a horse like a dairy cow or a dry cow. Of course, another one of the rumors about equine nutrition is centered around protein. Beware of a green pasture, it looks like "horse heaven" but, it can be "horse hell" if not properly managed. Alfalfa sprouts are very low in calories but provide a number of vitamins and minerals, which makes them a perfect supplemental item to add to your favorite meals. Grass hay differs from legumes in that it is composed of long, hollow stems that grow up … However, wild horses are never expected to perform on the track or in the arena, and their low reproductive rate would drive most professional breeders out of the business. Grass Hay … . . Foundered horses do better wit a low sugar and protein content. The following will give you a little Insight on hay terminology and it may answer a few questions while separating opinion from fact. . As a practical recommendation, select alfalfa hays which do not contain extremely high levels of protein (greater than 17% crude protein). Also, the longer the hay is exposed to sun and rain, the higher the chances are that your horses will refuse to utilize all the hay. The color is often low. Southern Idaho’s climate and nutrient-rich soils provide ideal conditions for growing high quality alfalfa and other forage types. The recommended time of cutting for orchard grass is the late boot to early heading stage (boot stage is when the grass inflorescence is enclosed by the sheath of the upper most leaf -head not yet showing). If round bales are not in a barn or properly tarped and exposed to the weather, there is considerable waste to consider. This type of hay can be ropy and burn calories as they try to digest it and round bales t are the #1 reason for impaction. We deal with hundreds of horse owners, all of them have different needs, for instance, some can not tolerate high protein and others are sugar intolerant . The recommended time of cutting Timothy is later -the fully headed (inflorescence fully emerged) to early bloom stage (emergence of anthers in the uppermost portion of the inflorescence). Protein is also the building material for enzymes and many hormones, giving it a vital role in the regulatory processes of horses. Hay USA Inc. feeds a wide variety of horses. The protein ranges from 10% to 22%. As a rule, protein requirements decrease with age. Equi-analytical laboratories analyze feeds for hay producers as well as horse professionals around the country, and their 10 year averages are a good baseline for nutrition values. Dr. Tania Cubitt, Performance Horse Nutrition and Standlee Premium Western Forage® Nutritional Consultant. Rapid diet changes are associated with colic, so it’s possible that if you change from grass hay to alfalfa hay all of a sudden, or you introduce alfalfa hay abruptly, you could increase the risk of colic. Weatherford, Texas 76086 The stem can be in three stages of fine, medium or heavy. The exception to the relationship of age and protein requirements is for late pregnancy and lactation, when the mare has increased protein requirements for proper nourishment of the foal. Research has shown that in addition to being an excellent energy and protein source, alfalfa hay also has the ability to buffer stomach acid and alleviate ulcer severity and formation. As long as the hay has been stored in a dry environment, the only significant loss is Vitamin A, and most of that loss occurred in the first 6 months of storage. Alfalfa hay is an excellent source of protein, both in content and quality. A horse that is converting excess protein to calories will drink more water, to aid that ltering, and will have urine with a strong ammonia smell, as the nitrogen is excreted as urea. Even though I use this term, Beware of the sign that says "horse quality hay" ... there is no such thing a it's only a marketing term, usually "implying" high (undefined) quality and seldom tested. Cutting timothy too early It is generally recommended that horses being fed strictly alfalfa hay diets be supplemented with additional trace minerals. Be sure you are feeding alfalfa that is produced for horses. High calcium levels need to be watched for all horses. ©2020 Standlee Premium Products, LLC® All Rights Reserved. In the case of mature horses, free-choice alfalfa hay will certainly provide enough protein to satisfy requirements. This second grade hay is sufficient for cattle in the feed lot and baled in the most cost effective way in way usually 1 ton or 1/2 ton bales. This trace mineral fortification typically comes in the form of pelleted grain concentrates or low intake mineral supplements. Alfalfa King's Oat, Wheat & Barley hay is a three-grain grass blend with lots of seed heads and fiber ... the land by plowing, harrowing, and, sometimes, dusting to control pests. Being a #2 hay is less expensive. It is not unusual for mid-bloom alfalfa hay to have a crude protein content of 17% or greater. Our clients are educated and can not afford to take risks. Alfalfa hay is an excellent source of protein, both in content and quality. Let me explain the difference between dairy, dry cow and horse type alfalfa. Alfalfa is high in calcium and protein—both of which have a buffering effect on the acid in the stomach. Perhaps more importantly, though, you need to make sure that it is mold-free.
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